Сhronology of technology and innovation

...According to the outstanding Russian and Ukrainian naturalist, Academician V.I. Vernadsky, mind appeared on Earth 15-20 million years ago. We do not know how to explain it…

about 3500 BC - from a variety of sources it is asserted that writing comes from the Sumerian city of Kish. Likewise Egyptian hieroglyphic writing (by about 3000 BC. E) arose, although its development is considered to be faster than Sumerian. Pictograms quickly became more stylized forms of writing, such as cuneiform of Ancient Iraq. They were quickly recorded
 by pressing the wooden style (maybe stylus, we know, is originated of those times?) on a soft clay tablet, which is then dried in the sun or burned. Clay tablets allowed collecting and securely storing information - thoroughly burnt tablet becomes hard and can be stored for centuries...
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3000 - 4000 BC - Perhaps, the first carts, driven by draft power of animals (camel, donkey, horse), that were used by people. The beginning of the history of car development man can suggest the use of the wheel, which is considered to be one of the greatest technological discoveries of mankind. It is impossible to imagine the further development of vehicles without wheels. After all, it is of especial interest, that unlike the track laying and the stepping mechanisms, wings, jet engines etc., the wheel has no analogues in the wild life!?! It is impossible to claim for sure where it was invented. Maybe we are wrong…
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about 3000 years BC – the papyrus, which was suitable for recording was invented... 
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2000 - 1000 BC – the first vehicle was described, as those which moved along the guide rails, and were used in ancient Diolkos (predecessor of the railway). He was of a length of 8.5 km and passed through the Isthmus of Corinth. Carts that were pulled by people and animals, moved in grooves made in the limestone, which created the likeness of the track and did not allow carts to deviate from the direction…
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201-120 BC - One of the few extant reports of ancient inventors efforts who worked on the problem of transmission of information - an excerpt from the tenth book of "Universal History" of the famous Greek historian and commander Polybius…
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II-I century BC - We can consider works of Aristotle, who described the transmission of messages along the "grand canal", later called "The Great Silk Road", as one of the first mention about the targeted transfer of information through symbolic and written signs. We can assume that special people were engaged with the delivery of mail in various ways: in Persia – there
 were sheds with their own staff, in Greece - walking messengers, in the Roman Republic - a special "cursors and tabelarii" which carried the clay tablets with applied a wax coating on them, on which symbols and letters were inscribed...
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…II - I century BC - Greek infantry, like warriors of ancient Rome wore bronze cuirasses. These cuirasses had the shape of the muscular human body, what much reinforced a structure, as these changes of section played a role of improvised stiffeners…
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45 BC - one of the first mentions about using carrier pigeons (at the siege of Modena). Man is alleged domesticated pigeons in Egypt about 5,000 years ago. And no wonder that probably here in Egypt a person for the first time was able to use a strong fidelity of pigeons to their homesite, their excellent flying qualities and the ability to know their way around, for example, the sea. A very long time ago pigeons have been used in Japan, and Greece. There is, for example, mention relating to the XVI century BC that the pigeons were used for sending messages from the field of military sports. About pigeons as messengers mention Roman writers such as Cato, Columella and others… 
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…The first mention of robots is encountered since antiquity...
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…IX - XIII century - the main and almost the only knight armor was chain mail or scales and helmet. Believed that they were not as effective as the cuirass, and quite uncomfortable because of the weight, but still allowed to reduce losses in the melee. Especially worth mentioning samurai armor. In the future, the armor came and went many times; various options of cuirasses, 
shell, chain mail and armor replaced each other. Firearms strongly undermined the position of armor…
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In 1100-1200 - messaging during the Mongol invasion is considered to be unique. Organization of communication was a system of postal parking - yams, located along the main roads, which were located at a distance of 15-20 km from each other, within a day of horse transport, and were guarded by Special Forces. Messengers were supplied with Khan's label "Paiza" - a silver or bronze (depending on rank) plate measuring approximately 3 by 6 inches, with an indication of its owner data. Presentation of "Paiza" aloowed unimpeded movement on roads, passing outposts, get food, lodging and replacing the required number of horses in the "yams". We can assume that the organization of such a relationship was very effective for the time …
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1350 – Stained glass in the window of "Freiburger Münster" - one of the first mentions of the railway…
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The end of the XV century - the first prototypes of a coach springs - durable leather belts, on which the coach body was suspended. It is known that a coach was received as a gift by the French king Charles VII in 1457 from the King of Hungary Vladislav V…
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1495 ...the first drawing of a humanoid robot was made by Leonardo da Vinci. Perheps, NASA experts have used the ideas of Leonardo da Vinci at the creation of manipulators; for example, in the preparation of missions to the Moon…
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1515 - the description of "Reisezug" - secret cable car used in Hohensalzburg Castle in Austria. Cable car was moved on wooden rails, which pulled animals by the means of hemp ropes and treadmill... 
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...the beginning of the XVII century - the multiseat public transport — stagecoaches arose. During the day they covered a distance of 40-50 km, and in the XVIII century - 100-150 km…
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XVII century - about 200 hire carriages arose in 1652 in London. Already by 1718 the number of them had increased to 800. In France, such carriages called Fiacre…
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1662 - on the streets of Paris man can see "Omnibus" (Lat. "Carriage for all") - large carts, transporting everyone for small fee. Each passenger had his seat, and omnibuses stopped anywhere at the request of the passenger…
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In 1769 - the first steam-powered vehicle for the French Army. It is believed that it was one of the first vehicle where a mechanical engine to drive the self-propelled vehicle (prime mover) was used. However, there is a mention that Fernand Verbier, a member of a Jesuit mission in China, built a car before Kunio - in 1762…
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80th XVIII century - Ivan Kulibin created a three-wheel carriage with pedal power. He used nodes that man use for present days: the flywheel, the mechanical brake, gearbox and bearings… 
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1783 - the Montgolfier brothers launched the first balloon…
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1801 - the first steam locomotive and railroad ring, to show his work. However, the railway engine could not maintain the required steam pressure for a long time and therefore was a little of practical use...
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1801 - the first push-bicycle, a "machine for walking" was created. This vehicle is considered to be the ancestor of bicycles and motorcycles… 
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1826 - as an example of the original application of communication system coding. We do not know exactly how widespread was this communication system (letters of the alphabet coding), but nowadays it has found an unexpected application. Revolutionaries incarcerated in the royal prisons, starting with the Decembrists, were communicating by tapping using the original method. On the wall of the chamber was written Russian alphabet that was divided into six columns by six letters in each column. Prisoner tapped first number of column, then the number of letter in it, and so, letter by letter passed to comrades the necessary information. Perhaps this method was invented under the direct influence of Polybius books that were quite popular among many of the Decembrists, who had a classical education…
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…1840-s - the development of a special vest. However, bulletproof vest itself was still the way off...
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1856 - horse omnibus was put on the rails, which helped to increase its capacity and speed. In Russia, this type of transport was called "Konka". It is mentioned that for the first time it appeared in St. Petersburg… 
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…1866 - one of the prototype of the modern vest was adopted by Koreans - the so-called "soft body armor." Unfortunately, is not a good example…
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1875 — in one of the temples in India was detected treatise "Vimanika Shastra", written in the IV century BC based on even earlier texts. Before the eyes of the astonished scientists the ancient detailed descriptions of strange flying machines appeared, that was amazingly perfect in their technical performance. Devices were called "vimanas" and had a number of striking qualities, among which there are the 32 secrets that make "Vimana" still a formidable weapon…
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…beginning of 1880 - at the autopsy the doctors found that the bullet that hit a folded silk handkerchief stuck in the tissue and didn’t reach a body. This case has been described, and in consequence, the engineers used the doctor’s notes, one of which can rightly be considered the inventor of the modern bulletproof vest…
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1885 — the beginning of aerodynamic experiments with the first aircraft - improvised gliders… 
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1885 - three-wheeled vehicle of Karl Benz - "carriage with petrol engine"...
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1890 - the first "Mercedes" - the prototype of the modern car with a simple body, is intended to participate in road racing…
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1891 - "Panhard" laid the foundation for the construction of light vehicle, which was to become almost universal for sixty following years: the engine located on the front and rear wheel drive...
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1898 - in Egyptian tomb was found a wooden model, which resembles a glider, dated about 200 BC. Subsequently, the find was recognized a model of the aircraft. We hope a lot of people heard about this amazing fact…
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1903 - the Wright brothers launched the first driven aircraft equipped with an engine…
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1907 - the first controlled flight of helicopter with pilot was held…
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1918-1920 – carts was actively used in Russia - mobile platforms for machine gun. These guns demoralized the enemy troops, spread the fear and panic...
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1928 - the first car with a jet engine was launched…
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1929 - the first glider with a jet engine was launched… 
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In 1930 - appeared transmitters that a person could wear on his or her back or hold in his or her hands; in particular, they were used for immediate reports on-the-spot. However, the connection with automatic telephone exchanges has not provided such communications…
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…1938 - in service of the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army entered the first experimental steel breastplate (SB). As the name implies, it protected the soldier only at the front (chest, stomach and groin). Due to savings on the protection of the back the opportunity to increase the thickness of the steel sheet, without overloading fighter arose. Weaknesses of this solution
 revealed itself during the Finnish company, and in 1941 the development and production of breastplate CH-42 (SB-2) started…
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1943 – Astonishing inventions of the Soviet scientist and inventor, who proposed the idea of "Monophonic"… 
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In 1946 - engineers have developed a telephone system from a moving car with urban network; the mobile device thereof had a capacity of just 1 watt and fits under the instrument panel. Power has been supplied from a car battery. This system was a kind of radio tube. In the course of experiments conducted in Moscow the range of the unit for more than 20 km was reached. 
The conversation with Odessa with excellent hearing was carried out. In the future, the inventors have worked to increase the radius of the base station up to 150 km...
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1947 - the principle of hexagonal cells for mobile telephony is proposed…
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1949 – The device on the basis of walkie-talkie was developed, which was called "wireless remote telephone." It was possible to carry around the device, and it gave the signal to the owner to come to the phone. It is believed that it was the first prototype of a simple pager... 
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1952 — in India the text "Vimanika Shastra" was published, which is issued for an ancient manual Aeronautics. The question is whether all is truly translated…
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1957 – the amazing thing - portable radio of the size of a matchbook and weighing just 50 grams is demonstrated, which works without changing the power during 50 hours and provides communication at a distance of two kilometers - quite a match for the goods of the XXI century, which can be seen in the displays of the current mobile shops. Pictures from magazines of that time man can find on the net. At the same time the Soviet inventor not only has done without microcircuits, which at that time simply didn’t exist, but used miniature lamps... 
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1957 - Certificate of Authorship for "radiophone" was obtained. Through the automated telephone station through this device it was possible to connect to any subscriber of telephone network to the extent of work of the transmitter "radiophone". By that time, first valid set of equipment, showing the principle of operation "radiophone", named inventor "LC-1", was also ready
(the first sample, made of Leonid Kupriyanovich). It is surprising how well a scientist more than half a century ago imagined how widely enter the mobile phone in our daily lives. "Taking alone such a radiophone, you take essentially an ordinary telephone, but without wires" - he would write a few years later. "Wherever you are, you can be always found on the phone,
for this purpose it is enough to dial from any landline (even from a pay phone) a known number on your radiophone. You have in your pocket the phone rings, and then you start talking. If necessary, you can directly from the tram, trolley and bus to dial any city number, call "ambulance", fire or emergency vehicle or connect with home..." It's hard to believe that these words were written by a man who has not been in the 21st century. However, for L.Kupriyanovich there was no need to travel in the future. He built it...
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In the beginning of 1970 – is the most interesting data on hypnopedia - methods of human learning in a dream, in which, in particular, the problem of "recording" information into the subconscious during a special "sleep at the information level" considered, are published. To introduce the human to the condition of such a dream Soviet scientist creates a machine "Ritmoson", and puts forward the idea of a new service - mass education of people in a dream on the phone, wherein bio-currents of people control sleep devices through the central computer. Subsequently, the unit "Ritmoson" mainly positioned as a device for the correction of sleep disorders. According to current estimates, there are too many ethical problems and present human society is clearly not ready for mass application of such technologies... 
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1961 - Spaceship Vostok 1 delivered of the first human in space…
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…1965 - the emergence of highly durable material kevlar and special ceramics, made it possible to start the production of body armor that allows to actually protect soldiers from bullets…
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1969 - landing of the first managed spacecraft on the Moon…
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1960-1970 - first steps in conceptual studies of scanners were made from the beginning of the construction of human-like mechanisms (robots). In the following, concepts were developed in different directions - from the security sector to echo sounders of the industrial areas...
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1970s - beginning of development of global satellite positioning systems...
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1970-1980 - the emergence of «retro-future», or a vision of the future through the eyes of past generations. A typical example of this phenomenon - is a kind of cities of the future and lunar bases, that are painted by the pioneers of the second half of the previous century...
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1973 – is considered to be the described fact of the first call – the head of mobile communications of one of the largest companies, walking in the centre of Manhattan, decided to call on the mobile phone. And who do you think he called – his arch-rival. The mobile phone was like a brick, which weighed more than a kilogram, and worked in talk mode only half an hour...
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…1981 - flak jacket G-81 has been adopted by army, fashioned from 30 layers of fabric SVM (Soviet analog of Kevlar) and sewn armor plates of thickness 1.25 mm. Unfortunately, it only protected against splinters and was punched with machine-gun fire from a distance of 400-600 meters…
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…1985 - the production of bulletproof vests G-85T and the G-85K began, in which a thicker armor plate made of titanium and boron carbide were applied, and then G-86 was developed, which is produced in nine versions...
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1987 - the first mobile call of the party leader to the USSR Ministry of Communications in the presence of the vice-president of a large foreign corporation. In such a way the mobile phone has become a means of influence on the minds of politicians...
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1994 - the system of navigation GPS- of 24 satellites is formed...
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…2000 – 2001 - American scientists had created a prototype of a compact universal neuromodulator, allowing building artificial neural network structures of any configuration and complexity…
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… the beginning of the XXI century - in the first years of the third millennium, scientists of leading countries independently started to create so-called "convector substance" - a compact device that converts matter into energy. The main elements of the convector were plates made of a unique alloy obtained by joint experiment on a board of modern spacecraft…
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2002 - the transition to an updated version of the geocentric coordinate system is implemented...
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2004 - teleportation of the photon quantum state over a distance of 6 km...
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2004 - the launch of new systems such as "Gnom-M", which broadcast two civil signals on L1 and L2 frequencies...
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2007 - the 1st stage of the modernization of the ground segment is held, as a result location accuracy was increased...
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2010 - 2nd stage of modernization: a new measuring system with high precision characteristics is installed. As a result of it the accuracy of the calculation of the ephemeris and clock bias board is increased, thereby improving the accuracy of navigation positioning...
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2010 – it is believed that the number of vehicles in worldwide use exceeds 1 billion. Approximately 1 per 7 people…
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2010 - mass production of dual-system navigators...
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2014 - teleportation of the photon quantum state over a distance of 25 km...
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…2014 – due to the grant, the scientists developed a special geomaterial able to make invisible to earthquakes the objects in which they are laid. Scientists develop mathematical apparatus that allows investigating the wave - the root cause of destruction on the surface during the tremors, as well as describing the methods of combating it…
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2014 - one of the examples of "controls at your fingertips" was the concept of the device of the future - the individual human bracelet “FIOS-2205” by Ukrainian designer. This is our innovative artifact 00001, which we visualized on the site www.profantasy.com.ua...
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…2014 – 2017 - the ongoing elaboration of innovative models of body armor, depending on the demand for their use…
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2015 - the beginning of the development of a fundamentally new intellectual OS by a known corporation, whose software we use in everyday life...
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2015-2017 - launch of an advanced satellite system "Gnom 2M", modified according to test results is carried out. In addition to the open-CDMA-signals in the range L3, open and encrypted signals L1 and L2 arose...
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2017 -  famous quantum experiment of Chinese scientists’ teleportation...
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2017-2018 – the disappearance of language barriers. There will be devices that can translate languages simultaneously, thus simplifying the need to use interpreters for people from different countries...
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2018 - the appearance of accumulators-microbatteries, which will have enough power to start the car and to run it for several days. Gadgets are everywhere - from handbags to clothing items...
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2018 - data security in the phone will be provided by biometric identification, which can be carried out either by scanning a fingerprint or voice analysis or face recognition ...
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2018 - the unit is considered to be "intelligent" and yet extremely easy to use. The computer will have all the five senses...
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beginning of 2020 - the release of the Smartphone on technology «Tactus» - Smartphones will get a technology of a contactless control. They can be controlled by thoughts... 
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mid 2020 - the introduction of technology 5G - which allows to transfer data on Internet at speeds up to 10 Gbit / s. Wide use of "control at hand" is expected - devices for the functions of Smartphones controls beyond the device itself, for example, the imposition of elements of control on bracelets, rings, the network glasses, clothing items or accessories...
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2020 - The role of the keyboard will lose its value, which it has today...
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2022-2024 - discovery of principal possibility of the jump gate existence (Japan)...
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2025 - advanced satellites "Gnome-KM", where more than 10 signals with a code division are adopted...
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2025 - the device will be small enough so they can be embedded in watches or jewelry, at the same time they will work for years without recharging...
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2030s – creating algorithm of operating systems security. It prevents reliably any viruses in the core of the system...
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2035 - interactive glasses will be reduced to the size of contact lenses that will project all the information directly on the retina. Mind control is possible...
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the beginning of the 40s of the XXI century - the Internet will be available at any point of the globe. Wires will be abolished, as wireless technologies will be strongly developed. Humankind will gradually shift from silicon processors to biological... 
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2036-2037 - after testing the technology building of the first pair of gates in the solar system is expected...
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…2050-2054 – it becomes clear that the total urbanization of land surface, population growth of urban metropolises, overlapping on haphazard development of many infrastructures, threaten in the near future with a sharp aggravation of global problems…
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2056 – a mathematical algorithm that has appeared in all search systems is created, it allows to determine from the facial image its belonging, and create three-dimensional model...
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…2079 – phototropic prototype of armor has been successfully field tested…
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2086 – Sailor 030 subjugated all of the Internet, all the resources and the planet itself came under the control of AI...
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…In the period of years 2385-2388 as a result of modernization of neuromodules droids will get its own "self", and the amount of accumulated experience prevailed over ossified, often unsuited to the givens of the world, software requirements. The experience gained in neuromodules, allowed to act flexibly and efficiently, to respond immediately to a variety of situations, taking the right decisions. Along with the integration of neuromodules they got the right to self-development…
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2390 – Flight of a spaceship to Alpha Centauri star system becomes possible...
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2402 – Scanner SPel-034 as a prototype definition of non-biological forms of life is supposed to be invented...
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