The neural artificial network

WHAT IS IT
Neuro-artificial network (NАN), or for simplicity also called a direct neural interface, brain interface (BCI or BMI - brain-computer interface and brain-machine interface), the interface "brain-computer") is an electronic-cybernetic system established for exchanging the information between the human brain and the electronic device (e.g. computer). In unidirectional interfaces external devices can either receive signals from the brain or send them to it (for example, emulating the retina in the eyesight recovering by an electronic implant). Bidirectional interfaces allow the brain and external devices to exchange the information in both directions. The biofeedback technique is used in the basis of artificial neural network. According to the forecasts, an advanced type of programs will  play a key role in the appearance of AI, the so-called deep neural nets (DNNs). They will allow to create systems that can educate themselves and perceive the surrounding world around themselves. DNNs will independently analyze all the unstructured information that people just will not understand or it would take a long time to investigate...
 
DESCRIPTION
You must admit that an opportunity to control the gadget by just an effort of thought can become the crown of man-machine interface creation. Receiving data directly into the brain is the pinnacle of what virtual reality сan achieve. The idea is not new and it has been appearing in a wide range of fantastic literature for many years. There were almost all cyberpunks with a direct connection to the "kiberdecks" and "biosoft". And control of any device through a standard cerebral connector and a lot of other interesting things. But science fiction is good, and what is going on in the real world?
 
If you remember, in the early 1990s, cyberpunk with a variety of implants, "neuroshunts" and "neuromodules" improving brain and body (they seemed a matter of the nearest future) was especially popular. But it turned out that people do not want to inoculate any artificial things in their bodies, and implants theme has disappeared from the front pages of scientific journals for
 some time. However, not for a long time. Now, at the beginning of the XXI century, the understanding of "augmented reality" provided by external devices, seems insufficient. The development of neuroscience and understanding of what brain areas can be manipulated to produce the desired effect, just push the scientists, futurists and engineers to create effective implants (or neuromodules, in our terminology) for improving memory, vision, cognitive skills and training abilities.
 
...as a rule, important scientific experiments are carried out on a strictly сlassified areas (military bases). For example, samples of future technology, which are created there, combining "convector substances" as an energy source, allowing to use all achievements of  servomechanics, and artificial neuromodules. Subsequently, the battle tests of androids, conducted in the territory of east state, have failed: servo-machanisms, perfectly prepared and camouflaged with foam clay, had passed all the tests at the sites, could not cope with the task, have arranged massacre instead of the address stripping...
 
...it turned out, the neural systems of combat machines distinguish people solely by their activity, in terms of "potential threat." Data on the characteristics of an "civilians" are stored in a parallel structure of neuromodule, but can not be claimed because of the absence of direct relationship...
 
...the volume of human cerebral tissue is comparable to the volume of four neuromodules ...
 
...neither two, nor even four neuromodules do not contain sufficient quantity of biological neural nets for the nascency and development of the personality...
 
...exploring the structure of the cyborg, direct your attention to the thin silver threads of unprecedented strength, that connect neuromodules with the physical channels of data exchange, located inside a spherical protective shell, which protects the core of the system hardware from moisture and dust...
 
WHY
Neuro module UNANA is reliably capable of simulating the operating principle of the human brain nerve cells and carrying out its main functions. The neuromorphic chips have already proved their workability – the system is made of these chips in laboratory tests could solve a number of primitive tasks that were under the power of the monkey’s brain. Nowadays scientists are planning to create a full-fledged artificial analogue of the monkey’s brain based on the new chips. Perhaps electronic 
copy of the human brain would be created, although it is a task for the nearest future...
 
FOR WHOM
The practical need for such innovative artifact is long overdue. Now tens of thousands patients need a similar interface. At first, these are completely paralyzed people (so-called locked-in syndrome), for example, some patients with ALS, patients with severe cerebral palsy; patients with severe strokes and injuries. It is expected as this technology develops; it can be used for other patients with less damaged motor system, such as quadriplegia. It is obvious that BCI should be based on recognition of brain biopotential patterns. If the patients were able to change the nature of their biopotentials, for example by
 performing certain mental tasks, the BCI system would translate these changes to the control codes, such as the movement of the mouse cursor on the computer screen or the hand of the robot manipulator. These codes could be also used for selecting letters at the "virtual keyboard" or controlling the wheelchair...
 
FEATURES
...there are different types of cybernetic systems. In this case, the neural nets are primary. However, when neuro modules are subordinated to the overall program, they are only the expert subsystems that are capable of offering innovative solutions to the problem. It is not an experience. This is a different logic. Strange for us, people...
 
...functionality of a neural net, trained only for combat operations, precludes versatile comprehension of the situation...
 
...structuring of information in software modules are millions of times faster than the same natural process...
 
...the emergence and development of a new consciousness is only possible under the condition: all system resources, ranging from computing power and ending data storage devices, must obey neuro modules and work for their service...
 
CHRONOLOGY

POTENTIAL FEASIBILITY OF INNOVATIVE ARTIFACT
  ≥10%
 
RUC (reading utility criterion)
more than 50%
 
CRITERION: INNOVATIVE IMPLEMENTATION BARRIER  
average 
 
INSPIRATION RESOURCE
[Internet]
 
OUR SUMMARY
We believe that the development of brain interfaces (BCI or BCI - brain-computer interface and a brain-machine interface) is well under way, although only few people know it. Of course, success is very far from science fiction novels, but it is quite noticeable. Now work on the brain and nerve interfaces is mainly conducted for making various prosthesis and the devices aimed at facilitating the life of partially or completely paralyzed people. All projects can be divided into interfaces for input (repairing or replacement of damaged senses) and output (controlling prosthesis and other devices). Another important criterion for division of existing developments is the severity of trauma, or the need for surgery. In all cases of direct data inputting, it is necessary to make an operation on implanting electrodes in the brain or nerves. In the case of withdrawal, there is no need of external sensors for making electroencephalogram (EEC). However, the EEC is a quite unreliable instrument, because the skull weakens the brain currents and we can receive only very generalized information. In the case of electrodes implantation it is possible to obtain data directly from relevant think tanks (e.g., motor center). However, such an operation is a serious matter, so the experiments are conducted only on animals...
 
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